We invited ten developers from leading tech startups around the Bay Area to join us for an “off-the-record” dinner to discuss the practice of code review (and what we want in an ideal code review process). Below is a wrap-up of the salient points from our dinner. Given the off-the-record nature of this discussion, we have removed any mention of proprietary processes, repositories, or code examples.
A list of the tools mentioned:
A typical code review UI (in a GitHub pull request).
Code review is not a formal, clear process
Key takeaway: the code review process is still very labor-intensive and performed manually, even though tools for other parts of the development process (like continuous integration) are more automated.
- Most attendees use GitHub as their primary repository host and for managing core parts of the VCS workflow (e.g., pull requests).
- Many people also use GitHub for code review. But ex-Googlers prefer Gerrit, and ex-Facebookers prefer Phabricator.
- Code reviewers looked primarily for general “code smell”, sloppy spacing, incorrect semicolon usage, and other visual cues. These signal sloppiness and that the code should be reviewed more scrupulously.
- Most engineers assume tests have been run on the code before asking for a code review.
Team size, tooling, and culture affects everything
Key takeaway: as engineering teams scale, the code review process gets more involved and less nimble due to the limitations of current code review tools.
- Small teams (1–10) use pair-programming as a way of ensuring good quality code.
- Medium teams (10–20) encounter bottlenecks with multiple repositories, communication of feedback, and waiting on code review from teammates. They experience challenges when onboarding new developers related to inconsistencies in code patterns and styles.
- Larger teams (20–30+) tend to have a more formal process. Many consolidate code into one large repository. They have defined team roles for code review and reporting.
The ideal code review tool
Key takeaway: the next evolution of code review tools should include more automated features that work at scale across different teams.
We asked each person to share what their “ideal code review tool” might look like. Here’s what we heard.
- Linting: Almost all of the teams brought up the value of linting running automatically on pull requests, but none of the teams had set up a linting service.
- Code and comment history: Have you ever commented on a pull request, only to lose the entire set of comments and code history after a force push? The ideal code review tool would give developers access to this archived history quickly and easily to help provide more context for future code reviews.
- The social side of code review: Code review comments are one of the main emotional outlets of writing code. The frustration, the pain, and the excitement of pushing new code comes across in discussion comments. The ideal code review tool would recognize the human side of the process, so even the most banal pull request can be enjoyable.